Big Data from AIS Could Help Wildlife
The paper, prepared in partnership with researchers from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Coast Guard, Space Quest, Google, and SkyTruth, reviews the use of AIS in this context and concludes that, with improvements, the system will ultimately result in greater engagement by vessel companies and operators in the conservation of marine resources.
“AIS now provides a rich source of data to understand vessel traffic across the entire globe – even in the most remote areas of the open ocean,” said Dr Martin Robards, Director of Wildlife Conservation Society’s (WCS) Beringia Program. “This system also has the potential to help us minimize the negative effects of shipping on wildlife.”
AIS works by continuously transmitting messages containing details such as vessel identification, position, heading and other data to networks of receivers that track the information. Increasingly, satellites are involved in receiving this signals on little cube satellites. While little bigger than a bread box, these receivers can process up to four million messages a day and track up to 130,000 vessels at one time.
Read more : Maritime Executive